LONDON — The publicly funded health service in England has decided it will not routinely offer puberty-blocking drugs to children at gender identity clinics, saying more evidence is needed about the potential benefits and harms.
The National Health Service said Friday that “outside of a research setting, puberty-suppressing hormones should not be routinely commissioned for children and adolescents.”
People under 18 can still be given puberty blockers in exceptional circumstances, the NHS says, and a clinical study on their impact on kids is due to start by next year.
Four new regional clinics are due to open later this year. They replace London’s Gender Identity Development Service, previously the only facility of its kind in England. It was scheduled to shut down after a review said it was overburdened by increasing demand and there was not enough evidence about the outcomes of its treatment.
Hormone blockers can pause the development of puberty, and are sometimes prescribed for children with gender dysphoria. Transgender medical care for minors has been available in the United States for more than a decade and is endorsed by major medical associations
The issue of gender-affirming care for children is not as heated in Britain as in the US, where several Republican-led states have banned puberty blockers and other treatment for transgender minors. But it has been the subject of both political and legal battles.
The NHS said the new rules were “an interim policy” that would undergo further review, including the outcome of a research study on the impact of puberty-suppressing hormones on gender dysphoria in children and young people.
Findings published last year from a review of children’s gender services led by a pediatrician, Dr. Hilary Cass, said there were “gaps in the evidence base” about blockers.
The NHS said doctors at the new clinic would still be allowed to prescribe the drug outside of a research setting “on an exceptional, case-by-case basis” and subject to approval from a national team of medical experts.
The health service’s decision does not prevent children and their families from obtaining puberty blockers elsewhere, but that will be “strongly discouraged,” the NHS says.
The NHS said it recognized that once the policy was adopted, it would need to end a related requirement for young people to take puberty blockers for a certain amount of time before they receive hormone treatments.
In 2020, England’s High Court ruled that children under 16 were unlikely to be able to give informed consent to medical treatment involving drugs that delay puberty. The decision was overturned in 2021 by the Court of Appeal, which said doctors could prescribe puberty-blocking drugs to children under 16 without a parent’s consent.
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