While changes to the base salary (not to be confused with the minimum wage) generally only impact government workers, there are some changes to social and health insurance payments that foreign firms should be aware of.

What’s changed?

On November 11, 2022, the National Assembly approved a resolution to increase the base salary from July 1, 2023. This would see the base salary of government employees increase from VND 1,490,000 (US$63.25) to VND 1,800,000 (US$76.41) per month. This salary represents a 20.8 percent increase over the current base salary.

This was codified in Decree No. 24/2023/ND-CP dated May 14, 2023.

What is the base salary?

Base salary, sometimes called the statutory salary, is a monthly rate on which public sector wages are based. Essentially, the law stipulates a salary coefficient for various roles in the public service by which the base salary is multiplied to determine a government worker’s monthly wage.

How does this impact foreign firms?


Whereas the most recent changes to the base salary only impact the wages of government employees, the maximum social and health insurance rates for workers in private firms are in some instances calculated based on the base salary.

Per the Social Insurance Law 2014, social and health insurance payments in both the public and private sectors are calculated on a worker’s salary, however, this is capped at a maximum of 20 times the base salary. This will therefore increase under the aforementioned changes to the base salary.

Foreign firms should ensure that their social and health insurance contributions meet these new caps.

Social and health insurance, and trade union fee caps in 2023

Up to June 30, 2023:

20 x 1,490,000 VND = 29,800,000 VND

From July 1, 2023:

20 x 1,800,000 VND = 36,000,000 VND

No changes to unemployment insurance

Note that there will be no changes made to unemployment insurance. This will still be calculated at the minimum regional wage multiplied by 20.

Regional minimum wages and unemployment contribution caps

regional Minimum Regional Wage Unemployment Insurance Cap
Region I 4,680,000 93,600,000
Region II 4,160,000 83,200,000
Region III 3,640,000 72,800,000
Region IV 3,250,000 65,000,000

See also: Salaries and Wages in Vietnam


What is social insurance?

Social insurance covers employee benefits including sick leave, maternity leave, allowances for work-related accidents and occupational diseases, pension allowance, and mortality allowance. Health insurance entitles employees to a medical examination and inpatient and outpatient treatments at authorized medical establishments.

For more information see: Social Insurance in Vietnam

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